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Cerebral Palsy (All Types)

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  • Cerebral palsy is a group of neurological condition which puts impact of Movement, Balance Coordination, Posture and Tone of body partially or completely
  • It is the child hood disability which is very much common.
  • It varies from mild to severe degree
  • It is not contagious
  • It may or may not affect intelligence
  • Ability of an individual improves with correct early intervention

CAUSES:


  • CP is cause by brain injury or abnormal development of the brain that accrue when child’s brain still developing – before birth, during birth or just after birth like lack of oxygen during delivery or labor, respiratory distress, post natal jaundice , infections and many more.

Types of cerebral palsy


Based on tone
  • Spastic/ Hypertonic ( stiffness in the body , restricted joints)
  • Flaccid/ Hypotonic ( excessive flexibility , weak muscles)
  • Mixed ( partial stiffness and partial flexibility)

Based on body part involvement
  • Quadriplegia ( involvement of legs , arms, and trunk )
  • Diplegia (involvement of lower limbs only or sometimes mild involvement of upper limb)
  • Hemiplegia ( involvement of one side of the body )

Based on body movement
  • Athetoid cerebral palsy ( random and uncontrolled body movements)
  • Ataxic cerebral palsy ( Balance and coordination issues)

Symptoms
  • Limited range of movement
  • Poor coordination and balance
  • Stiff muscles
  • Abnormal postures
  • Over or underdeveloped muscles
  • Preference of one side over the other.
  • Delay in development
  • Hearing and vision issues
  • Seizures/ epilepsy
  • Poor oral control like feeding , sucking, swallowing, chewing etc
  • Frequent startling
  • Salivation
  • Speech and communication difficulty
  • Poor hand writing and Attention issues

Treatment

Everyday therapies are very important for maintaining quality of child’s life

  • Conventional physical therapy
  • Neurodevelopmental therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Kinesio taping
  • Postural correction
  • Aids and appliance application
  • Sensory integration therapy
  • Pre-vocational training
  • Feeding training program
  • Parents counselling
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