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DOWN’S SYNDROME

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SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS


Physical characterstics:

  • small chin
  • slanted eyes
  • poor muscle tone
  • a flat nasal bridge
  • a single crease of the palm
  • a protruding tongue due to a small mouth and relatively large tongue
  • a flat and wide face
  • a short neck
  • excessive joint flexibility
  • extra space between big toe and second toe
  • Abnormal patterns on the fingertips and short fingers
  • stunted growth

Neurological characterstics:


  • May have mental retardation ranging from mild to severe
  • Poor speech

Miscellaneous characterstics:


  • Thyroid
  • Poor vision
  • Poor hearing
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Umblical hernia
  • strabismus

TREATMENT


  • Physical therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Remedial tutoring (special education)
  • Sensory integration therapy
  • Brain gym
  • Handwriting without tears program
  • PECS(Picture exchange communication system)
  • Kinesiotaping
  • Pre-vocational training
  • Vocational training
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