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WILLIAM'S SYNDROME

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SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS


  • Facial features frequently include a broad forehead, short nose, and full cheeks
  • Mild to moderate intellectual disability with particular problems with visual spatial tasks such as drawing and fewer problems with language are typical
  • Those affected often have an outgoing personality and interact readily with strangers
  • Problems with teeth, heart problems, especially supravalvular aortic stenosis, and periods of high blood calcium are common
  • Individuals with Williams's syndrome often have phonophobia which resemble noise induced hearing loss, but this may be due to a malfunctioning auditory nerve. However, individuals with WS can also tend to demonstrate a love of music and they appear significantly more likely to possess absolute pitch
  • There also appears to be a higher prevalence of left-handedness and left-eye dominance
  • Ophthalmologic issues are common in Williams's syndrome
  • Cognitive deficits in visuospatial construction. Individuals with Williams's syndrome have problems with visual processing, but this is related to difficulty in dealing with complex spatial relationships rather than depth perception

TREATMENT


  • Physical therapy
  • Neurodevelopmental therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Postural correction
  • Kinesio taping
  • Sensory integration therapy
  • Aids and appliances support (orthosis)
  • Pre-vocational training
  • Special education(remedial tutoring)
  • Parents counselling
  • Feeding training
  • Wheel chair training
  • PECS
  • Shadow teaching
  • Social skills training
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